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Posts Tagged ‘facial liposuction’

The Myth of Facial Liposuction

Saturday, November 28th, 2009

Liposuction is a very effective method of fat removal. While it can be used in almost any location of the body where there is fat, it does have limitations. And when applied to certain fat areas, it may even have the opposite effect of an undesired result.

The face is one such area where the concept of liposuction is largely more theoretical than practical. While the face does have fat below the skin, it is not easily removed like that in the trunk or extremities. Facial fat is more fibrous and has branches of the facial nerve lying deep to it. There are few very discrete collections which can easily be removed with the exception of the buccal fat pad and some of its numerous extensions.

Plastic surgeons frequently advertise and perform neck liposuction. And while the neck is part of the face, most patients do not think of the neck when they envision the concept of facial liposuction.

When you combine what is contained in the buccal space with the subcutaneous tissues in the neck, these are the only two facial areas where contouring can be done through fat removal. The neck can be liposuctioned while the buccal fat pad can be directly extracted through a small open incision. Removal of any other facial fat areas through liposuction  is not only ineffective but can cause a lot of tissue trauma and prolonged swelling.

When liposuction first became widely used in the 1980s and 90s, facial liposuction was both advocated and written about. It was used to try and reduce facial fullness in the lateral face and even reduce the prominent mound of tissue that develops above the nasolabial fold with aging. It was proven to be ineffective and has since become largely abandoned as a treatment for facial fullness.

For those seeking to reduce their ‘fat’ face or to deround their facial appearance, liposuction is not the answer. It simply can not do what can be done for the circumference of the thigh or the waistline. One cannot deflate the face so to speak.

Improving the shape of a very full and round face does include some fat removal which is accessible, the buccal and neck fat. But fat removal alone is inadequate as it can only change some of the contour. If a full neck is all that bothers someone, then liposuction alone is a good treatment. But for more total facial sculpting and definition creation,  it must be combined with other procedures that bring out or highlight facial prominences such as the chin, cheeks, or jaw angles. Using implants in these facial convexity areas can help bring shape to an otherwise amorphous face.         

Dr. Barry Eppley

Indianapolis, Indiana

 


Dr. Barry EppleyDr. Barry Eppley

Dr. Barry Eppley is an extensively trained plastic and cosmetic surgeon with more than 20 years of surgical experience. He is both a licensed physician and dentist as well as double board-certified in both Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. This training allows him to perform the most complex surgical procedures from cosmetic changes to the face and body to craniofacial surgery. Dr. Eppley has made extensive contributions to plastic surgery starting with the development of several advanced surgical techniques. He is a revered author, lecturer and educator in the field of plastic and cosmetic surgery.

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